A step-by-step guide to laying turf

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A step-by-step guide to laying turf

29 October 2018 General Maintenance Installation Preparation

You should always lay your new turf last when you are landscaping your garden. This avoids your new lawn being ruined whilst stepping over it to work on the rest of your garden. Before laying your new turf, you need to examine the suitability of your chosen area by taking shading, hydration and ease of access for lawn mowing into consideration.

Which turf type should I choose?

When selecting your new turf, it's important to consult a professional so they can identify which type of turf suits your particular needs. Any professional will know to consider inevitable wear and tear as well as shading and water levels. Selecting the right turf is something that needs to be done very carefully and is a task that requires a lot of investigation and research. There are many different types of turf and all of them have different qualities and needs.

How should I check the base?

The preferred base to have is a sand based soil. Some soils may be clay based, in which case you will need to add some sand based soil in order to de-compact the base. You should also mix in some biotics to make the soil more nutritional for your turf. The best way to check the underlay of the turf is to test the PH number with a kit (the levels should be 5.5 – 7). The base can be treated to meet the correct PH if it isn't currently at the right level.

How much turf is needed?

The measurement is calculated by calculating how many square meters your backyard is by breaking the yard up into shapes and adding the measurements of each block together. You should also add an extra five percent to the amount to account for any cutting you may around your plants and garden furniture.

How should I prepare my yard for turfing?

Your base needs a couple of herbicide treatments to completely remove any existing plants that are in the area and may affect your new turf. Using a hoe, mix the area around and check for any further plants and debris that may be hidden away.

If you are using an underlay, add this now and make sure you have a suitable base for your new turf (including the correct PH level). When you check your underlay, make sure you leave enough room for the thickness of the turf (leave approximately 35mm below the height)

Smooth out your soil, take into account possible drain water and fertilise your base using a rake to evenly spread the fertilizer.

How should I lay my turf?

You should lay your turf on a smooth, well-prepared surface as soon as it arrives. It is important to keep your turf well-watered throughout to prevent it from becoming dry. Lay your turf on a straight edge and always begin laying your turf at the furthest entry point. Lay it backwards towards your exit point so that you don’t step over and ruin your brand new turf!

You should lay the turf as if you are laying bricks by laying the edges next to each other. If you have to lay the turf on a hill, you should lay the turf horizontally on the hill. Tidy up the edges of your brand new turf around plants and objects using shears. Keep any extra pieces of turf you have until you have completely finished laying to ensure every part of your garden is well-covered.

Once you have finished, you should roll your turf around and mix it with the soil base and water your new lawn immediately.

How should I take care of my brand new turf?

The most important thing to do in the early stages is to keep your brand new turf hydrated to start it off healthy! Water your new turf every day within the first few weeks until your first mow. If the edges of your turf appear to yellow a little in the first few weeks, this is completely normal as the turf is brand new.

Try not to step over your new turf until it has settled into the soil (this takes up to a month). After 4 weeks, you should be ready to mow! It is important to check that the turf has properly rooted within the soil before the first mow, so make sure you check it has settled before mowing

Your first mow should be on a higher setting, with you gradually decreasing the setting over the next few mows to your desired height. You should keep your turf watered at least twice a week to prevent any dryness.

The final step comes at the 6 week mark when you need to fertilise your turf. You should use an NPK fertilizer to do this and water your turf thoroughly after applying the fertilizer. You can now finally enjoy your new turf! Maintain your beautiful lawn by fertilizing every eight to ten weeks and watering regularly.

If you have any questions regarding your new lawn, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Now that I have my new lawn, how should I take care of it?

In the event of rain, you should make sure that no water sits above the turf. This can be prevented in the initial stages by preparing your soil base in the right way.

Hydration is key with any new lawn. You can spot the signs of dehydration if your lawn looks a different colour or starts to thin out. If you notice any of these signs, keep your lawn watered regularly. If you notice any seedheads on your new turf, this means you need to either water the lawn more often or fertilise the lawn.